Pakistan is rich in culture and values traditions. The civil society in Pakistan is largely hierarchical, emphasizing local cultural etiquettes and traditional Islamic values that govern personal and political life. The Shalwar Kameez is the national dress of Pakistan and is worn by both men and women. Since Pakistan came into being, its fashion has been historically evolved from different phases and made its unique identity.
its fashion has been historically evolved from different phases and made its unique identity. Pakistani fashion is a combination of traditional and modern dresses and regional and traditional dresses have developed their own significance as a symbol of native tradition. Women in both rural and urban areas play a vital role in culture, politics and various professions. Pakistan has had a long history of feminist activism since its birth. Since 1947, the APWA and Aurat Foundation– the influential feminist organizations— have played strong roles in inculcating awareness about women's rights in the country. Personalities such as Begum Rana'a, Benazir Bhutto and Kalsoom Nawaz have been influential in Pakistan's feminist culture. Malala Yousafzai from Pakistan is the youngest ever Nobel Prize laureate. Pakistan’s media and entertainment industry has also flourished over the years. Pakistan now has a large network of domestic private 24-hour news media and television channels. The Lollywood– an Urdu film industry– is based in Karachi, Lahore, and Peshawar. Urdu dramas dominate the TV entertainment industry, and have debuted critically acclaimed miniseries. Pakistani music ranges from diverse provincial folk music and traditional styles such as Qawwali and Ghazal Gayaki to modern forms fusing traditional and western music. As a nation, Pakistan has always been rich in art and literature. Allama Iqbal is the national poet of Pakistan and had conceived the very idea of its formation. Pakistan has literature in Urdu, Sindhi, Punjabi, Pashto, Baluchi, Persian, English and many other languages. Well-known representatives of contemporary Pakistani Urdu literature include Faiz Ahmed Faiz. Sadequain is known for his calligraphy and paintings. Sufi poets Shah Abdul Latif, Bulleh Shah, Mian Muhammad Bakhsh and Khawaja Farid are very popular in Pakistan. Historically, philosophical development in the country was dominated by Muhammad Iqbal, Sir Syed, Muhammad Asad, Maududi, and Johar. Pakistani architecture has four recognized periods: pre-Islamic, Islamic, colonial, and post-colonial. With the beginning of the Indus civilization around the middle of the 3rd millennium BCE, an advanced urban culture developed for the first time in the region, with large buildings, some of which survive to this day. Mohenjo Daro, Harappa and Kot Diji are among the pre-Islamic settlements that are now tourist attractions. The most important Indo-Islamic-style building still standing is the tomb of the Shah Rukn-i-Alam in Multan. During the Mughal era, design elements of Persian-Islamic architecture were fused with and often produced playful forms of Hindustani art. Lahore, occasional residence of Mughal rulers, exhibits many important buildings from the empire. Most prominent among them are the Badshahi mosque, the fortress of Lahore with the famous Alamgiri Gate, the colourful, the Mughal-style Wazir Khan Mosque, the Shalimar Gardens in Lahore and the Shahjahan Mosque in Thatta. Post-colonial national identity is expressed in modern structures like the Faisal Mosque, the Minar-e-Pakistan and the Mazar-e-Quaid.