Mr. Muhammad Ali Jinnah is known as the Father of the Nation and the founder of Pakistan. He led an eventful life and had a multidimensional personality. Born on December 25, 1876, in a prominent mercantile family in Karachi and educated at the Sindh Madrassat-ul-Islam and the Christian Mission School at his birth place, Jinnah joined the Lincoln’s Inn in 1893 to become the youngest Indian to be called to the Bar, three years later.
After establishing himself in the legal profession, he formally entered politics in 1905 form the platform of Indian National Congress. In his effort to give the Muslims of India a separate free nation of their own, Jinnah later joined the All-India Muslim League in 1913 and Muslim League in 1947.Quaid-e-Azam was one of the greatest legal luminaries India had produces during the first half of the century, an Ambassador of Hindu-Muslim unity, a great constitutionalist, a distinguished parliamentarian, a top-notch politician, an indefatigable freedom-fighter, a political strategist and above all one of the greatest nation builders of modern times. He was a dynamic Muslim leader who created a nation out of an inchoate and downtrodden minority and established a cultural and national home for it. Jinnah provided political leadership to the Indian-Muslims. For over thirty years, he had guided their affairs; he had given expression, coherence and direction to their legitimate aspirations and formulated these into concrete demands. He had relentlessly striven to get these aspirations conceded by both the ruling British and Hindus who were the dominant segment of India. He fought inexorably for the inherent rights of Muslims for an honorable existence in the subcontinent. In accomplishing the task he had taken upon himself on the morrow of Pakistan’s birth, Jinnah had worked himself to death, but he had, to
quote Richard Symons, “contributed more than any other man to Pakistan’s survival”. Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah died on September 11, 1948 at the age of 71. In his last message to the nation on August 14, 1948 he told the nation; “The foundations of your State have been laid and it is now for you to build and build as quickly and as well as you can”. Jinnah was the recipient of some of the greatest tributes paid to anyone in modern times, some of them even from those who held an opposed viewpoint. The Aga Khan considered him "the greatest man he ever met", Beverley Nichols, the author of `Verdict on India', called him "the most important man in Asia", and Dr. Kailashnath Katju, the West Bengal Governor in 1948, thought of him as "an outstanding figure of this century not only in India, but in the whole world". While Abdul Rahman Azzam Pasha, Secretary General of the Arab League, called him "one of the greatest leaders in the Muslim world", the Grand Mufti of Palestine considered his death as a "great loss" to the entire world of Islam. It was, however, given to Surat Chandra Bose, leader of the Forward Bloc wing of the Indian National Congress, to sum up succinctly his personal and political achievements. "Mr. Jinnah" he said on his death in 1948, "was great as a lawyer, once great as a Congressman, great as a leader of Muslims, great as a world politician and diplomat and greatest of all as a man of action. By Mr. Jinnah's passing away, the world has lost one of the greatest statesmen and Pakistan its life-giver, philosopher and guide". Such was Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the man and his mission, such the range of his accomplishments and achievements.